Keeping warm is the most important part of cold-weather camping and outdoor activities. Using the C-O-L-D method can help keep you warm.

C – Clean. Since insulation is only effective when heat is trapped by dead air spaces, keep your insulating layers clean and fluffy. Dirt, grime, and perspiration can mat down those air spaces and reduce the warmth of a garment.

O – Overheating. Avoid overheating by adjusting the layers of your clothing to meet the outside temperature and the exertions of your activities. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, and refrain from drinking caffeinated drinks that act as diuretics.

L – Loose Layers. A steady flow of warm blood is essential to keep all parts of your body heated. Wear several loosely fitting layers of clothing and foot gear that will allow maximum insulation without impeding your circulation. Having clothing that is bright colored is also a good idea, so you are visible in snowy conditions. Always have a hat and wear it.

D – Dry. Sweaty, damp clothing and skin can cause your body to cool quickly, possibly leading to frostbite and hypothermia. Keep dry by avoiding clothes that absorb moisture. Always brush away snow on your clothes before you enter a heated area. Keep clothing around your neck loosened so that body heat and moisture can escape instead of soaking through your layers. Keep your socks dry.

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