Zenstoves.net has a great article entitled “How to Choose a Backpacking Stove”. The article addresses factors such as fuel types used, fuel availability, weight and fuel efficiency, speed of cooking, cooking needs, starting and long term costs, cold weather performance, ease of use, safety and health concerns, personal preference, environmental/eco concerns, and ability to build stove at home or on the trail.
A comprehensive list of stoves is covered including:
- Petroleum Stoves (White Gas, Kerosene)
- Liquefied Gas Stoves (Butane, Isobutane, Propane)
- Alcohol Stoves (Alky, Meth, Spirit)
- Chemical Solid Fuel Stoves (Hexy, Hexamine, Esbit, Triox, Fuel Tab)
- Wood Stoves
- Candle Stoves
- Solar Stoves
- Flame-less Stoves (MRE Heater)
- Electric Stoves and Immersion Coils
- Calcium Carbide Stoves and Lanterns (Acetylene Stove/Lamp)
A discussion of fuel types, fuel availability, and table providing a fuel comparison and weight/efficiency ratings follow. It is a long article (>8,500 words) and worth reading if you are considering stove options for winter camping.