Wilderness First Aid

Wilderness Medicine has a a nine step plan for, god forbid, handling medical emergencies in the wilderness by covering a plan or checklist for their nine step Patient Assessment System. I participated in Wilderness 1st Aid classes and mock emergencies I where I ‘hurt’ victims by rushing to judgments and offering improper assistance. The checklists force a process that ensures all aspects of the situation get addressed. If you aren’t going to take a Wilderness 1st Aid class or Wilderness 1st Responder, then at least read their full set of posts.

The Patient Assessment System

1. The First Five Minutes
2. Patient Assessment System – Scene Survey
3. Patient Assessment System – Primary Survey
4. Patient Assessment System – Vital Signs
5. Patient Exam: What are their injuries?
6. Patient Assessment System – AMPLE History: What is their past medical history?

A – Allergies

M – Medications

P – Previous Injury or Illness

L – Last Input and Output

E – Events leading up to the crisis

7. Patient Assessment System – SOAP: What is our patient care plan?

Subjective data: age, sex, the mechanism of injury , and the chief complaint

Objective data: vital signs, the patient exam, and the AMPLE history.

A – Assessment: (problem list)

P – Plan: (plan for each problem on the problem list)

8. Rescue Survey / Plan

9. Patient Assessment Check List


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