A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

How to Make a Great Campfire

Follow our occasional Tweets @WinterCampers and visit us on Facebook.

Share SHARE

Len and the one night bivvy

A few years ago, on a trip to John Pond, Len decided to skip sleeping in the crowded lean-to with Matt, Mark, Rob, Ian and Sparky as he had a new bivy try out.

Below Len gets some help from Ian in setting it up.

Len set up his bivy on the fringe of the snoring sphere of influence which would emit from the lean-to at night.

During the night Len found the bivvy to be too confining.  There was no easy way to change clothes and moisture management was a problem.  We never saw Len’s bivy again.

Follow our occasional Tweets @WinterCampers and visit us on Facebook.

Share SHARE

Winter Camping Tenting Options

What kind of tent do you have and use for winter camping?

Tents Collage

Share SHARE

Frost Bite Quiz

Now seems to be a good time to re-visit this Frost Bite Quiz posted by Backpacker Magazine.  Answers are posted at the end of the quiz.

1. Frostbite has two stages: freeze and thaw. Which one causes more damage?

A) Freezing

B) Thawing

 2. Why, by in large, are your toes, fingers, ears, and nose the most susceptible to frostbite?

A) They have less fat.

B) When the body chills, it constricts blood flow to the extremities to keep your all-important core warm.

C) The skin is thinner on the extremities.

 3. True or false In normal conditions, frostbite can’t occur if the ambient temperature is above freezing, no matter how cold the wind chill.

4. Which factor predisposes you to frostbite?

A) Dehydration

B) Hunger

C) Fatigue

D) All of the above

 5. True or false.   You should rub frostbitten skin to rewarm it.

6. Match the conditions with their symptoms.

I) Frostnip                                                 A) Area is pale white, icy cold to the touch, and feels wooden
II) Partial-thickness frostbite                B) Skin is white/yellowish, waxy, numb, and cold to the touch, but still soft.
III) Full-thickness (deep) frostbite      C) Skin is white, waxy, numb, cold, and hard. If you poke it, the dent stays for several seconds.

7. Short answer: How do you treat frostnip?

8. On a minus 5°F day with 35-mph winds, exposed skin can get frostbitten in…

A) 30 minutes

B) 10 minutes

C) 5 minutes

 9. The best way to treat frostbite is by soaking it in 99°F to 102°F water (if you dip in your elbow, the water should feel warm, not hot) until the area thaws (15 to 30 minutes). Which of the following additional actions DOES NOT help with healing?

A) Gently swirling the water to lift away dead cells

B) Taking ibuprofen or aspirin to relieve pain and decrease damage done during thawing

C) Applying aloe to the skin, which is anti-inflammatory and soothing

D) Placing the skin near a warm, radiant source like a fire, stove, or radiator

 9. The best way to treat frostbite is by soaking it in 99°F to 102°F water (if you dip in your elbow, the water should feel warm, not hot) until the area thaws (15 to 30 minutes). Which of the following additional actions DOES NOT help with healing?

A) Gently swirling the water to lift away dead cells

B) Taking ibuprofen or aspirin to relieve pain and decrease damage done during thawing

C) Applying aloe to the skin, which is anti-inflammatory and soothing

D) Placing the skin near a warm, radiant source like a fire, stove, or radiator

 10. You’re in the backcountry with frostbitten fingers. Should you rewarm them?

A) Yes, the sooner, the better.

B) Yes, but only if there is absolutely no chance of them refreezing.

C) No, wait until you get home and can see a doctor for expert care.

 11. True or false Tissue that was once frostbitten is more susceptible to future frostbite.

12. After Reinhold Messner’s harrowing descent off the Himalayas’ Nanga Parbat in 1970 (a first-traverse epic that claimed his brother Günther’s life), how many of his frostbitten toes were amputated, thus forever hampering his rock climbing?

A) None—he’s invincible!

B) 4

C) 6

D) All 10

 

13. Fill in the blank The medical term for frostbite’s black, dry tissue is ______ and the area always/maybe/never requires amputation.

16. You’re in the boonies (no rescue) with frostbitten feet. You have warm water for thawing and are sure you can prevent refreezing. Do you rewarm them?

A) Yes, asap

B) No, hike out (but don’t overexert); thaw in town.

 17. Which two WON’T help prevent frostbite?

A) Using mittens instead of gloves, and wearing a hat (since the head vents a lot of heat)

B) Wearing wicking socks to keep feet dry

C) Dabbing cold-protective salves on your face

D) Making sure boots aren’t too tight, which constricts blood flow

E) Sipping whiskey to “flush” skin with blood

F) Wiggling toes and swinging arms

 

Answer Key

1. B. Thawing cells release inflammatory substances that cause blood clots, reduce blood flow, and further harm the tissue.

2. B

3. True. Caveat: Touching freezing metal (or wind chill on alcohol- or gasoline-wet skin) can drop skin temp below ambient temp.

4. D. Your body needs calories, water, and energy to maintain its temperature.

5. False. Ice crystals form between cells, so rubbing the skin is like running a microscopic cheese grater over them.

6. I) B II) C III) A

7. Skin-to-skin contact (don’t rub) or warm water quickly returns it to normal.

8. B

9. D. It can burn frostbitten skin

10. B, then see a doc.

11. True

12. C

13. Mummification; maybe. It takes six-plus weeks to see which tissues are dead, hence the saying, “Frostbite in January, amputate in July.”

16. B. Thawed, swollen, tender feet can prevent hiking out; and overexertion may thaw feet while walking.

17. C, E

http://www.backpacker.com/frost-bit-iq/skills/15316

Share SHARE

Winter Tenting – The Minimalist Approach

I don’t recommend this approach, but the set up must have been quick….

Minimalist Approach

Share SHARE

5 Tips to Minimize Your Impact This Winter

From https://lnt.org/blog/5-tips-minimize-your-impact-winter

Winter is a wonderful time to experience the outdoors. Many find that winter offers solitude, scenic beauty, and a chance to hone outdoor skills. But, with winter use on the rise, users and land managers are beginning to witness more winter recreation-related impacts such as user conflicts, inappropriate human waste disposal, vegetation damage and significant impacts on wildlife. As a growing number of skiers, snowboarders, snowshoers, and telemarkers venture out in winter for day or overnight trips, the need to practice Leave No Trace winter techniques is now greater than ever.

Fortunately, for the recreationist, many of the usual concerns about the impacts of three-season backcountry use are of little concern in winter. Although growing, the visitor numbers are lower than those of other seasons, and soil and vegetation are often covered under a thick layer of snow, which greatly helps to minimize impacts.

Below are 5 tips to minimizing your impact when exploring these beautiful winter opportunities.

1.) Dress in layers.  In winter, more so than any other season, dressing appropriately could mean the difference between comfort and despair.  Dressing in layers allows you to take off clothing as your body heat increases.  If you cross the threshold into sweating, when you stop moving or the sun goes down, that wet clothing will not be good.

2.) Stay on deep snow whenever possible.  Snow deeper than 6 inches adequately protects underlying vegetation from trampling.  Thus, nearly any surface covered by enough snow is considered “durable”.

3.) Use the area’s natural topography.  When recreating in snow-covered areas, it’s often challenging to find exposed, soft ground to site and dig a cat-hole.  For this reason, packing out solid waste is always the best recommendation.  However, this isn’t always possible.  In this case, it’s appropriate to dig a snow cat-hole, but be aware that come spring, when the snow melts, that waste will end up resting directly on the surface of the ground.  With a topographical map, we can ensure our snow cat-holes aren’t dug in drainages, near water sources, trails, or other areas of concern.

4.) Snow makes a great natural toilet paper alternative.

5.) Winter is an especially vulnerable time for wildlife and it’s important more so now than any other time to respect an animals space, properly secure your food and trash, and observe area closures.

By following the Leave No Trace winter use principles and the simple tips outlined above, outdoor enthusiasts can help to ensure protection of resources and the quality of winter experiences.

Jason Grubb – Education Programs Coordinator
https://lnt.org/blog/5-tips-minimize-your-impact-winter

Share SHARE